Researchers looked at the positive and negative effects of the early or late school start time on sleep quality and duration of adolescents. Their study titled, “Association of Delaying School Start Time With Sleep Duration, Timing, and Quality Among Adolescents,” was published in the latest issue of the journal JAMA Pediatrics. What was this study
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Apr 28 2020 Boston Children’s Hospital has launched a two-pronged study of COVID-19 disease among children and youth up to age 25 across the country, with $2.1 million in funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The Overcoming COVID-19 study will perform real-time surveillance at more than 35 U.S.
A link has been discovered between a common gene defect and eczema, nasal blockage and wheeze among babies as young as six months, according to a new study at Brighton and Sussex Medical School (BSMS). The research raises new questions about how soon in life these defects could start affecting babies, resulting in serious health
A UCLA-led research team today reports that it has developed a new method for delivering DNA into stem cells and immune cells safely, rapidly and economically. The method, described in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, could give scientists a new tool for manufacturing gene therapies for people with cancer, genetic disorders
Mylagic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a disabling and complex illness. Affected persons often cannot pursue ordinary activities — physical or mental — because of an incapacitating loss of energy and other symptoms, and may find themselves confined to bed or house-bound for years. Anyone can develop ME/CFS, though it most commonly afflicts people between
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Apr 27 2020 Two pediatric brain cancers that are challenging to treat if they recur, medulloblastoma and ependymoma, are the target of a clinical trial using a new type of therapy. A multi-institutional, international team led by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children’s Hospital and the Hospital for Sick
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Apr 27 2020 Lactating mothers who use e-cigarettes or nicotine replacement therapies may be putting their breastfed babies at risk for skull defects, a new study in animals suggests. Cigarette smoking has already been linked to increased risk for these abnormalities in previous research. This study tested the effects of nicotine
Intensivists caution against the use of premature novel therapies in lieu of traditional critical care principles in patients with COVID-19 in a recent correspondence letter in the American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology. In “A Call for Rational Intensive Care in the Era of COVID-19”, Benjamin Singer, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine and
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Apr 24 2020 A study published in Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics found cognitive behavioral therapy to be effective, in treating binge eating disorder in adolescence, with lasting results. Binge-eating disorder, characterized by recurrent episodes of uncontrolled eating that occurs in the absence of compensatory behaviors to prevent weight gain, is the most
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Apr 24 2020 Pregnant lupus sufferers and their babies are at risk as global supplies of an anti-malarial medicine used to treat the disease run dry due to COVID-19 panic. Health experts in the global South warn that the shortage puts babies at more risk of being born with symptoms of
Three researchers at the Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA have received awards to pursue treatments and vaccines for COVID-19 from the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, the state’s stem cell agency. The recipients are Dr. Gay Crooks, a professor of pathology and laboratory medicine and of
The University of Alabama at Birmingham will join an international effort coordinated by Scripps Research to test drugs for COVID-19. The work centers around ReFRAME, a vast collection of drugs developed for other diseases that are already known to be safe for humans. Researchers at Calibr, the drug development division of Scripps Research, are teaming
Apr 24 2020 A Fight for Sight funded research study has successfully demonstrated that an imagining technique could help children keep their sight after brain surgery for epilepsy, in results published in Frontiers in Neuroscience this month (April 8). Professor Christopher Clark The pre-surgical evaluation can be carried out using existing technology and is now
Mallory Pease’s contractions grew stronger as her husband, Mitchell, drove her to Oaklawn Hospital in Marshall, Michigan, to give birth to their second child. It had been a routine pregnancy, but she told her doctor she’d recently developed a sore throat, aches, coughing and shortness of breath — symptoms her provider knew could indicate COVID-19.
The mammalian cell lines that are engineered to produce high-value recombinant-protein drugs also produce unwanted proteins that push up the overall cost to manufacture these drugs. These same proteins can also lower drug quality. In a new paper in Nature Communications, researchers from the University of California San Diego and the Technical University of Denmark
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Apr 23 2020 B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) is characterized by the accumulation of abnormal immature B-cell precursors (BCP) in the bone marrow (BM) and is the most common pediatric cancer. Among the different subtypes known in B-ALL, the most common one is characterized by the presence of a higher number
The University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB) and the University of Maryland, College Park (UMD) are funding new cross-campus research projects as part of a new joint program that seeks to solve big health care challenges through joint research that draws on the institutions world leading expertise in medicine and artificial intelligence. The below research awards
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Apr 22 2020 Researchers at The Ohio State University will study the health effects of e-cigarettes and nicotine on youth and help develop vaping cessation programs after receiving a $5.5 million grant from the American Heart Association. On Tuesday, the American Heart Association announced nearly $17 million in grants as part
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Apr 21 2020 Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder affecting between 8-10 percent of school-age children. In a recent study published in the Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, Stewart H. Mostofsky, M.D., director of the Center for Neurodevelopmental and Imaging Research at Kennedy Krieger Institute, and Karen
It is no secret that genetic factors play a role in determining whether children have neurodevelopmental disorders. Maternal exposure to drugs and viral or bacterial illnesses can be detrimental too. However, a recent epidemiological survey of approximately 6 million people worldwide has revealed that advanced paternal age is associated with the development of neurodevelopmental disorders.